【原创】ElasticSearch 分页重复的问题

相关环境

ElasticSearch 6.7.0

Python 3.7

Python Elasticsearch Library 7.9.0

问题描述

当使用 Elasticsearch 进行分页取数时,出现了跨页数据重复的问题。

问题原因

这是由于 ES 的分片存储与分片检索机制导致的数据重复,具体可参与下面信息。

https://www.elastic.co/guide/cn/elasticsearch/guide/current/_add-an-index.html
https://www.cnblogs.com/xsht/articles/5286510.html

解决方法

参考 stackoverflow 上面的方法解决了此问题

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/10836142/elasticsearch-duplicate-results-with-paging/30241658

代码片断:

res = es.search(index=index,
                doc_type=doc_type,
                body=query,
                search_type="dfs_query_then_fetch",
                scroll="5m",
                preference="_primary_first"
                )

注:

elasticsearch 中的 _primary_first 参数从 6.1 版本以后过时了,7.0 版本之后则会移除,可以使用 _only_nodes 或者 _prefer_nodes 参数代替。

/Users/jiangzhuolin/PycharmProjects/es_demo/venv/lib/python3.7/site-packages/elasticsearch/connection/base.py:190: ElasticsearchDeprecationWarning: [_primary_first] has been deprecated in 6.1+, and will be removed in 7.0; use [_only_nodes] or [_prefer_nodes]
  warnings.warn(message, category=ElasticsearchDeprecationWarning)

附录

完整代码示例:

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
from elasticsearch import Elasticsearch

# ES cluster domain

domain = “jiangzl.tpddns.cn”

# ES index name

test_index = ‘test_index’

# ES type name

test_type = ‘test_type’

query = {

    “query”:

        {“term”: {“name”: “test”}},

    “size”: 100

}

# elasticsearch cluster hosts list

hosts = [“%s:9201/” % domain, “%s:9202/” % domain, “%s:9203/” % domain]

# creating elasticsearch connection object

es = Elasticsearch(hosts=hosts,

                   sniffer_timeout=60,

                   timeout=5,

                   retry_on_timeout=True,

                   max_retries=5

                   )

def _scroll_search_v1(index, doc_type, query):

    res = es.search(index=index,

                    doc_type=doc_type,

                    body=query,

                    search_type=”dfs_query_then_fetch”,

                    scroll=”5m”,

                    preference=”_primary_first”

                    )

    return res

if __name__ == ‘__main__’:

    # 模拟 15 页的请求

    for pageNo in range(1, 16):

        scroll_res = _scroll_search_v1(test_index, test_type, query)

        hits = scroll_res.get(‘hits’)

        page = 1

        while page < pageNo and hits.get(“hits”):

            page += 1

            # 使用 scroll 来滚动获取

            scroll_res = es.scroll({‘scroll’: ‘5m’, ‘scroll_id’: scroll_res.get(‘_scroll_id’)})

            hits = scroll_res.get(‘hits’)

        for hit in hits.get(‘hits’):

            print(“page:\t%s\tid:\t%s” % (pageNo, hit[‘_source’][‘id’]))

相关参考:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/10836142/elasticsearch-duplicate-results-with-paging/30241658
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/39270182/how-to-query-a-specific-shard-for-a-document
https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/6.8/search-request-preference.html#search-request-preference

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